PHP Sending E-mails

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PHP allows you to send e-mails directly from a script.


The PHP mail() Function

The PHP mail() function is used to send emails from inside a script.

Syntax

mail(to,subject,message,headers,parameters)

 

ParameterDescription
toRequired. Specifies the receiver / receivers of the email
subjectRequired. Specifies the subject of the email. Note: This parameter cannot contain any newline characters
messageRequired. Defines the message to be sent. Each line should be separated with a LF (\n). Lines should not exceed 70 characters
headersOptional. Specifies additional headers, like From, Cc, and Bcc. The additional headers should be separated with a CRLF (\r\n)
parametersOptional. Specifies an additional parameter to the sendmail program

Note: For the mail functions to be available, PHP requires an installed and working email system. The program to be used is defined by the configuration settings in the php.ini file. Read more in our PHP Mail reference.


PHP Simple E-Mail

The simplest way to send an email with PHP is to send a text email.

In the example below we first declare the variables ($to, $subject, $message, $from, $headers), then we use the variables in the mail() function to send an e-mail:

<?php
$to = “someone@example.com”;
$subject = “Test mail”;
$message = “Hello! This is a simple email message.”;
$from = “someonelse@example.com”;
$headers = “From:” . $from;
mail($to,$subject,$message,$headers);
echo “Mail Sent.”;
?>

 


PHP Mail Form

With PHP, you can create a feedback-form on your website. The example below sends a text message to a specified e-mail address:

<html>
<body>

<?php
if (isset($_REQUEST[’email’]))
//if “email” is filled out, send email
{
//send email
$email = $_REQUEST[’email’] ;
$subject = $_REQUEST[‘subject’] ;
$message = $_REQUEST[‘message’] ;
mail(“someone@example.com”, “$subject”,
$message, “From:” . $email);
echo “Thank you for using our mail form”;
}
else
//if “email” is not filled out, display the form
{
echo “<form method=’post’ action=’mailform.php’>
Email: <input name=’email’ type=’text’ /><br />
Subject: <input name=’subject’ type=’text’ /><br />
Message:<br />
<textarea name=’message’ rows=’15’ cols=’40’>
</textarea><br />
<input type=’submit’ />
</form>”;
}
?>

</body>
</html>

PHP Sending E-mails

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