Human memory has been a major topic for research studies for thousands of years and it has been a fascinating subject within cognitive psychology too. The most important processes of memory are encoding, storage and retrieval. The process of encoding will change the information into a usable form and once the encoding process is over, it ought to be stored in memory to use it later. Most of this stored memory will be stored outside the awareness zone and with the help of retrieval process; the necessary information will be brought into conscious awareness.
There are ways to improve memory. Our memory like the rest of our body needs regular exercise to stay in good condition, as the
6 Ways to Increase Memory
athlete must train to permit the body to respond to difficult times, the same is true the memory needs its very own special training in order to stay in “shape” and improve.
Your brain works by sending electrical impulses along neural pathways called axons. When these pathways are covered in a fatty coating, the messages can travel faster. When you eat the right foods, you can help to coat theseaxon pathways in the fats they need to communicate more efficiently, thereby improving your memory. Some excellent brain foods include fish with Omega-3 fatty acids, leafy greens and fruits and vegetables. However, foods full of saturated fats, like red meat, cheese and ice cream, can actually work against the improvement of the memory.
Although many people who have had a rough Saturday night can attest to alcohol having adverse effects on their own memory, the opposite can actually be true when alcohol can be used in moderation. Studies done by Matthew During, professor of molecular virology and cancer genetics at Pitt University, have shown that light to moderate alcohol consumption can improve cognitive abilities and memory in the short term. In regards to long-term memory, a separate study done in the University of Bordeaux in France followed 3,777 people over the age of 65 and found that light to moderate drinkers — one to two glasses of wine per day — suffered from Alzheimer’s, an illness relating to the loss of memory, 45 percent under those who didn’t drink at all.
It’s a well-known fact that exercise can improve the body, but it can also improve the mind. The brain, just like the rest of the body, needs blood flow and oxygen to work properly. Should you gain too much weight or let your cholesterol build up, the same kind of plaque that inhibits proper heart function will hinder your brain’s functionality. Exercising can remedy this situation, removing plaque buildup and increasing oxygen to the brain, which can ultimately help to increase your memory.
Depression isn’t just a mental disease that makes people sad. It also inhibits the memory. In fact, all negative stressors hurt the memory, including anxiety and stress. Depression, in particular, floods the brain with cortisol, which inhibits the hippocampus. The hippocampus is the part of the brain that’s specifically designated for communicating involving the memories and the rest of your brain. Essentially, its main function would be to store and retrieve your memories. By inhibiting the hippocampus’s abilities, depression impairs your memory. If you think that you have depression, seek medical attention. There are medications and exercises that can help you improve your overall mental health, including your memory.
Exercise your mind with games
The greater you use the features of the brain, the greater you help your memory remain in shape. There are many games that arouse your intellectual capabilities but could also contribute to a better sociability. Backgammon, chess, puzzles and lots of other board games, offer you entertainment as well as help you improve memory.
Sleep is an incredibly essential process for that brain. During sleep, the brain processes the data that it acquired throughout the day. You might have experienced this yourself. Maybe you found a task to be difficult — for example learning a song on the piano. However, after a good night’s sleep, you discover the song much easier to take part in the following day. On the other hand, you may have discovered that a lack of a good night’s sleep enables you to feel dazed and fuzzy, making things harder to remember and concentrate on. Sleeping seven to eight hours every evening will work to increase your memory.